Diplomacy had experienced improvement which influenced its trial back in the 20th century. The development emerged from various changes in the universe like information revolution, the growth of communication technology, immigration of people and the knowledge and access to mass media. This new diplomacy brought in fresh solutions and innovations in the diplomacy like summitry. Summit meetings started to being held in the First World War, the initial ones being held by the Neville Chamberlain with German dictator Adolf Hitler, ten years later in 1950, Winston Churchill popularized them (Reynolds, 2009). Summits also remained in use in the cold war as a discussion between the superpowers like the USA and the USSR. However, throughout that period summitry was mainly purposed on solving the issues concerning security. After the end of the Cold War, changes have occurred in the international politics whereby new actors and matters emerge and hence old bipolar order malformed.
First, a summit questions the responsibility plus the position for the skilled diplomats besides introducing the heads of state (Alexandroff and Brean, 2015). The specialized diplomats put pressure on their linguistic skills, diplomatic tuition, and familiarity of the country they serve. Nevertheless, it gets more attractive for the media when the governors are present and also emphasizes the reputation of the summit. Besides, politicians express what they are doing to make the world a better place through the summits and also diplomats gets marginalized through them.
Also, summits have introduced multi-actors, for instance, small states plus non-state actors’ discussions. The summits are regularly planned by international organizations like the UN and EU and in which each member country, gets an opportunity to stand up and present their views. To perform global politics and international peace it is of importance to offer a chance to each nation to give their opinions on the issues discussed. The important issues that are emerging in these summits are environmental, economical and social, more problems still exist in states, and hence summits remain the significant way that these issues can get solved through joint solutions (Labrecque, 2010). Furthermore, the summits include non-state actors like NGOs in their discussions like the environmental ones, through this they can also give out their opinions on the issues.
Also, summitry has brought in a significant change in diplomacy through publicity. Through the news concerning meetings of the Summit, journalists get attracted though this may seem contrary due to pressure (Berridge, 2014). Nevertheless, it remains supposed that through publicity a relation with the public opinion gets recognized. Hence the outdated method of undertaking diplomacy that is through secrecy takes no part in the information age where everyone in eager to get the knowledge
Briefly, it is evident that summitry remains an important aspect of the recent diplomacy. It has not only established various necessary changes like introducing the head of state as diplomats but also have made it modern and updated and hence giving new opportunities and solutions for the conducting of global politics by various states.
Alexandroff, A. and Brean, D. (2015). Global Summitry: Its Meaning and Scope Part One: Figure 1. Global Summitry, 1(1), pp.1-26.
Berridge, G. (2014). Cooper, A. F., Heine, J., and Thakur, R. (Eds.) (2013).The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy. Diplomacy & Statecraft, 25(2), pp.397-401.
Labrecque, C. (2010). Jean-Robert Leguey-Feilleux, 2009, The Dynamics of Diplomacy, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 401 p. Études Internationales, 41(2), p.296.
Reynolds, D. (2009). Summitry as intercultural communication. International Affairs, 85(1), pp.115-127.