Multilateral diplomacy or multilateralism is a form of conducting a conference between two or more states that shares a common issue of interest. This agreement does not exclusively concern agreeing on subject matters but also allows these states to solve any other of importance on the issue and differences that may be in-between. There are different forms in which multilateral negotiations can take. They include the Artarctictic treaty of 1961, the Kyoto protocol of 1998 and finally the United Nation Millennium Declaration of 2000 that concerned humanitarian matters. Currently, negotiation on diplomacy has indeed realized an increase. Multilateralism started during the time of fast world war in an attempt to end the hostility of European nations on various countries hence helps in preventing the outbreak of another war. The League of Nations was formed due to this real hopes. (Smith,2016.pg.82) Multilateralism has been seen over the year growing significantly, and this is clearly shown through globalization, matters of international concern have become gradually interconnected and have continued to affect some countries.
European Union consists of 27 member’s states; thus it fits the definition of multilateralism as a form of a form of conducting a conference between two or more states that shares a common issue of interest. Furthermore, these states form part of the organization for economic purposes thus fulfill the term of gathering together on the grounds of similar matters. (Smith,2016.pg.8 Strength and weakness of the organization.
Due to fast growing and highly competitive economy of China, it has made it unavoidable to build tie with European organizations, although China is not a member of the EU. Currently, China is the largest trading partner of EU and its suitable first source of imports for goods. With trade and cooperate agreement of 1975, the relationship between the two started, and has seen a gradual increase over the past decade. The agreement was improved in 1994 by exchange of letters that established an extensive political dialogue and finally meetings of high level have been held on either side of the states. The meetings have reflected different levels, ranging from the annual conference of prime and foreign ministers and political directors. (Masters,2016 pg.58) Human rights, poverty, and foreign policy were the main diplomatic issues covered in held meetings.
The respect of human rights remains deep between the two sides. Energy security and climate change go beyond, and it’s the area of concern to their mutual interest between EU and China. Multilateralism diplomacy would offer an understanding of this area that would enforce codes and regulations that are commonly agreedon either side. EU carries the collective interest of individual states and at times the image of the division this deeply fixed interest to probable outcomes.
In conclusion, multilateral diplomacy has enabled negotiations between different countries in finding common ground on particular matters. (Kerr and Wiseman, 2013 pg.123) However, this engagement does not give a mandate for a state to interfere with another’s affairs. The key aspects behind all this are mutual respect and sensitivity of multilateral diplomacy.
Kerr, P. and Wiseman, G. eds., 2013. Diplomacy in a globalizing world: theories and practices (p. 123). New York: Oxford university press.
Masters, l., 2016. Multilateral diplomacy of the south: the g77+ china in the climate change negotiations. Latin American Report, 31(2), pp.54-61.
Smith, M., 2016. EU Diplomacy and the EU–China strategic relationship: framing, negotiation and management. Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 29(1), pp.78-98.