Crisis Diplomacy

International catastrophe is a well-known term. It is a structure of connections between the governments of dissimilar independent countries in severe war, containing the insight of a hazardously major likelihood of war. The political meetings are required to endorse negotiations of reconciliation, prevent a drenching conflict, ease and discuss the cessation of hostilities and war tenacities among different opposing parties. This requires conversely diplomatic and clever international relations information in controlling complicated worldwide and provincial calamities The Gulf disaster of 1990 was a political disappointment. On several instances, Iraq positioned Kuwait as a misplaced region.


Reasons for Kuwait Invasion

Iraq wanted admittance to the Gulf region, though, after failing to do so in its conflict with Iran, it moved its focus towards Kuwait. Due to comprehensive warfare obligations, the economy of Iraq was in catastrophe and one of its creditors was Kuwait. The Country Iraq wanted their loans to be released, as its government sensed that they forfeited and secured their society to safeguard the capital and interest of Arab states in contradiction of Iranian fundamentalism. The Kuwaitis did not, yet the Saudis did agree to do so, proceeding to reinforce its connections with Iran, which formerly supported Iraq throughout the battle against Iran. However, they went contrary to the participation of Iraq in the Middle East cooperation countries. For the government of Iraq, this was difficult to accept.  In the Gulf region, a war was unavoidable and it was a conflict in which Iraq was likely to fail. There were many motives why this became a fact. It was quite obvious that the president of Iraq Saddam Hussein was turning out to be a soldierly hulk in the Middle East and a risk to the constancy of the complete district. The United States and other developed western countries could not jeopardy the cost of oil from the area. Being the second biggest foundation of oil in the Gulf region, the attack on Kuwait placed the international oil market into turmoil. With Saudi Arabia, the forces of Iraq then assembled their militaries at the border. In turn, this brought the soldierly power of America into the clash. The resources that Middle East regions gave to Iraq were utilized to buy high-tech ammunitions that made Iraq one of the biggest armed forces in the world and a dynamism to struggle with. Kuwait being one of the richest states in terms of its income in the world has free major and minor education, social and health services. All of this was appealing and exasperating to Saddam Hussein, who used his soldiers to take over and attack Kuwait (American Patriot Friends Network, 2004).


Cautionary Signals

From the month of February till August 1990, Saddam Hussein began to send cautionary indications of a forthcoming incursion of Kuwait. During a speech in July 1990, Saddam Hussein indicated to do something operative in a situation whereby the arguments failed to safeguard the people of Iraq. Upon hearing this message, the U.S sent varied hints to Iraq. The government of the United States believed Iraq to be scammed and using alarming words. It opposed that if an attack were to happen, it would be an imperfect one.


The State department of America emphasized the assurance of United States’ vow in safeguarding their associates in the Middle-East, though a different representative of the Department of State mentioned that the Americans did not have a distinct safety or defense promises to Kuwait. In the meantime, the force was applied in Kuwait by Saudi Arabia with the support of other Arab states to resolve its conflict with Iraq. The leaders of Egypt, Jordan and Saudi Arabia involved in dynamic but someway ineffective political discussions. Middle-East countries discovered an explanation that was not accessible to international intrusion. Iraq instigated to amass its crowds on the borders of Kuwait towards the end of July 1990. Frightened by these movements, the formerly president of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak began discussions between Kuwait and Iraq, in trying to overcome outside interference, for instance, the United States and other influences. On the other hand, Saddam Hussein ruined talks within two hours, and on August 2nd, 1990, he commanded the conquest of Kuwait. The government of America together with Russia (Soviet Union) and England condemned the attack on Iraq. The security council of United Nation asked for the removal of Iraqi soldiers from Kuwait on August 3rd, 1990. Hardly any days later in a conference with King Fahd and Richard Cheney UN commanded the American’s military support which the United States settled too. The NATO and American associates sent soldiers to protect Saudi Arabia against the Iraqi outbreak.


The Gulf War

The alliance militaries equipped to face the armed forces of Iraq with employees from England, the United States, the Soviet Union, Germany, Iraq, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Japan. On the other hand, Iraq attained backing from Algeria, Jordan, Palestinian Liberation Organization, Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen. The war initiated with the United States air raids on the air fortifications of Iraq and other links on 17th January 1991. This process concentrated on airborne incursions and was referred to as “Operation Desert Storm”. In February, Operation Desert Sabre was introduced that focused in the direction of the ground assaults. The influence of the outbreaks stunned Iraqi soldiers who later laid down their arms.  George W. Bush confirmed a truce on 28th February 1991 which concluded the Gulf War. Saddam Hussein settled peace relationships that needed him to leave his country of all artilleries of mass annihilation and identifying the autonomy of Kuwait (Perry, 2015).


Diplomatic Crisis

From the moral viewpoint, Kuwait is authorized for reimbursement as a war prey. For this purpose, the postponement of reparation payments is a crucial progress. For the people of Kuwait, the Gulf war endures, as the fortune of a small number of their women and men, who were killed or taken in prison, remains unidentified. According to the KUNA (Kuwait News Agency) out of six hundred individuals who were captured by the forces of Iraq, only two hundred and forty-six remainders have been recognized (Naar, 2015).




Iraq had always considered Kuwait part of its region. The invasion of Kuwait was a tremor and a bash in the back. With the demise of Saddam Hussein’s administration and the Iraqi reconciliation with Kuwait under the novel government. The society has now cohabited with the new circumstances and the general public of Iraq. However, the unstable local uncertainty has prepared Kuwait attention on safeguarding the safety of its public in every manner and concentrate on the future as an unusual breathing in the glooms of the past.










American Patriot Friends Network. (2004). Several Reasons Why Saddam Hussein Invaded Kuwait. [Online] Available at: [Accessed: 28th March, 2017].

Naar, I. (2015). 25 years on, Iraq’s Kuwait invasion remains a source of bitterness. [Online] Available at:[Accessed: 28th March, 2017].

Perry, W. (2015). Operation Iraqi freedom decisive war, Elusive peace. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed: 28th March, 2017].





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